Igor asks: Do you also have cheat sheets for tenses?
Thanks for writing, Igor. We currently have two language sheets for each language, and each of those sheets has just a few verbs for specific situations. We are currently working on a third sheet, which will soon go out to all of our translators for translation into each language.
This third sheet will have a number of conjugated verbs, and most likely past, present and future tense for each. The list of verbs we are planning out is as follows. Feel free to let us know if you have suggestions!
- to be
- to go
- to have
- to need
- to want
- to speak
- to call
- to drive
- to write
Verb tenses are tricky when you talk about translation into multiple languages, because each language can handle conjugation and context so differently. For instance, look at what Wikipedia has to say about Spanish verbs
The modern Spanish verb system has sixteen distinct complete paradigms (i.e. sets of forms for each combination of tense and mood), plus one incomplete paradigm (the imperative), as well as three non-temporal forms (infinitive, gerund, and past participle).
The fourteen regular tenses are also subdivided into seven simple tenses and seven compound tenses (also known as the perfect). The seven compound tenses are formed with the auxiliary verb haber followed by the past participle. Verbs can be used in other forms, such as the present progressive, but in grammar treatises that is not usually considered a special tense but just one of the periphrastic verbal constructions.
Which is totally ridiculous if you’re just going to Costa Rica or Spain for a couple weeks, right? So we’re focused on simplicity – how you might say “I have a train ticket”
or “We will need a cab”
or “They were in Madrid”
Igor also asks: Could you also send me one example of a SpeakSheet?
Just click that “What Is A SpeakSheet?” box in the left column to see how it works.
Hope this helps, and remember our members have access to all updates forever. So if you subscribe now
, you’ll get the latest sheets for every language as we make them available, at no additional charge ever.